Synergies of LNG and hydrogen imports
Study on potentials of supplying Germany with hydrogen-based energy carriers via a Lower Saxony LNG terminal
Online conference. More than 70 participants accepted the invitation to the event “Presentation of the study: synergy effects in the import of energy carriers with a Lower Saxony LNG terminal”, which was hosted online by LNG.Agentur Niedersachsen on the 1st of June 2021.
Photo clockwise from top left: Dr. Christoph Merkel (Merkel Energy GmbH), Dr. Geert Tjarks (EWE AG), Inga Lauts (MARIKO GmbH|LNG.Agentur Niedersachsen), Inaki Merkel (Merkel Energy), Lars Bobzien (Niedersächsischen Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit, Verkehr und Digitalisierung).
Dr. Christoph Merkel from Merkel Energy GmbH presented the contents and results of the potential study and showed various LNG terminal synergy options. A total of ten options were considered. These included liquefied hydrogen [LH2], liquid organic hydrogen carrier [LOHC], methanol, ammonia synthetic LNG, and blue and turquoise hydrogen [H2]. Local value creation, ecological evaluation and economic impact, technology maturity, regulatory and permitting burden, and model complexity were assessed to evaluate the options. The study indicates that hydrogen can be imported in the future via pipelines from Norway, Russia, Ukraine, Spain, and the North and Baltic Seas. An LNG terminal would allow the import of chemically bonded renewable and carbon-free hydrogen from many countries around the world. In particular, the import of turquoise H2 and blue H2 with subsequent CO2 storage has the greatest synergy potential with an LNG terminal.
How can the synergy potential be increased with an LNG terminal in Lower Saxony?
“The import demand for natural gas will remain high. The Lower Saxony Ministry of Economics is committed to the realization of one or more LNG terminals in Lower Saxony” emphasized Lars Bobzien from the Lower Saxony Ministry of Economics, Labor, Transport and Digitalization. Acceptance among the population would play an important role.
Manfred Schubert from Hanseatic Energy Hub GmbH reported on the advanced planning of the LNG terminal in Stade, which is scheduled to go into operation in early 2026. Schubert sees import synergy potential above all in bio- and synthetic LNG and ammonia.
These and other topics will continue to be addressed by the LNG.Agentur Niedersachsen in the future.
The potential study “Presentation of the study: Synergy effects in the import of energy carriers with an LNG terminal in Lower Saxony” can be downloaded here.